HOW TO FIND FOOD AT SEA AND IN SWEET WATER
Fish, especially in areas of the sea and in the presence of rivers and lakes, are an important source of food not to be overlooked.
Fish is an excellent food, contains many proteins, is rich in vitamins and minerals, and has few fats. The fish also contains Omega-3.
They can be captured in different ways:
- With bare hands: you can use this simple and primitive technique in a river. The technique consists of taking the fish from the bottom with two hands and throwing it towards the shore, once on the mainland it is necessary to immobilize it before it wriggles, the fish, is able to return to the water. Move and slowly and hold hands in the water doing very few movements, avoid projecting your shadow on the fish. You can also create a barrier and lead the fish towards it, in order to make the capture easier.
In the video a man catches trout with his hands.
- With lances and harpoons: this technique is advisable in shallow waters and if there are many fish. The technique consists in keeping the lance on the surface of the water and when it passes a fish pierce it with a lightning movement (sometimes it takes hours to succeed if you are a beginner, do not lose heart!).
An excellent harpoon can be constructed by modeling the ends with teeth (see photo) in order to prevent the fish from escaping once captured.
- With traps or with a net with these techniques we could catch fish in quantity without too much effort. If you have a net (if you have time you can also weave one) just place it in the water following the current of the river. We can also make traps to block inside the fish that end up inside (eg with cages, or with stones or large woods to divert the fish to areas of capture).
- With hook and thread: the hook can be improvised with wire, bones, nails, safety pins, needles, clips, pins, buckle of the boot, etc … For the line are good laces, ropes, wire (that of nylon it would be ideal) even made with plant materials. This method is the most recommended for fishing at sea.
For the bait you can use: insects (winged ants and crickets), worms, small fish, larvae, entrails and shreds of animals (eg eyes).
The most used live baits are earthworms and carnaria caterpillars. You have to place them on the hook so that they can move freely, without killing them.
You can also use dead baits such as corn, fruit (eg grapes), bread, or some artisan pasta made from particularly strong ingredients such as cheese.
There are also artificial lures, which are not of animal origin but are made from materials and shaped with shapes that attract the fish towards them (eg fly, spoon or spinning bait). In survival you can use feathers, pieces of metal, colored fabrics, aluminum paper.
- The fish are attracted to the shaded areas of the waterways.
- Night fishing can be done with the use of a torch (it can be very fruitful).
- Prefer fishing before the ALBA and immediately after the SUNSET.
- You can attract the fish to your lance by applying to it a bait in the form of fish carved with cedar or willow wood.
- In fishing it takes a lot of patience, especially if it is practiced with means of luck, do not be discouraged if you can not get results, try and try again and with the experience you will become better and better.
- The best ones can also fish with bow and arrows.
- Never eat the internal organs of fish.
- If the method you used to fish gave you satisfactory results, always use that.
FOODS THAT CAN BE FOUND ON THE SHORE OF THE SEA
CLAMS:Gastereopodi (among the safest as a food source, can be found among the rocks and are easy to capture),patelle, buccini, littorine and abalone.
BIVALVES (such as clams, mussels, razor clams, scallops, canestrel, mussels, fasolaro, can be found on the rocks).
COMMON OCTOPUS: it is a cephalopod mollusk, it can be captured with a harpoon. Tents to hide among the rocks in depth.
ARTHROPODS:crustaceans: prawns, prawns, crabs, lobsters, lobsters, hermit crabs.
CIRRIPEDS: barnacles and barnacles.
ECHINODERMS: sea urchins.
RIVERS IN ALASKA
In the Alaska rivers, pink salmon and real salmon can be caught. To capture them, you can make a double-pointed harpoon using a long, durable stick to which you have created two sharp points. To use the harpoon you have to push the salmon or fish in the shallow water to be able to put them on and then catch them with your hands. To do this, slam a stick or throw stones into the water to scare them and direct the fish to the desired place.
To fish, however, in deeper waters you will need hook, wire and bait.
FISHING IN ICE
If you find a frozen lake you can drill ice to try to fish deep.
Attach the hook on a 1 meter long rope and tie it to a stick that will fit on the hole. To prevent the entrance hole from freezing, you can place a pine branch in the hole.
ON AN ISLAND
In an island to find food you can try fishing, in this case you can build an excellent harpoon using bamboo, which is very durable and sharp. However, it is important to know the edible fish because in the tropical seas there are many poisonous and also some species also attack the man.
To fish you can use the poison contained in the roots of the Derris plants (involute and elliptica). Remember that the greener roots contain more rotenone (such venom is harmless to humans but the fish that come in contact die). When you dive to fish not too far from the coast there could be sharks, also stay away and not put your hands in the corners and in the fissures of the seabed could hide poisonous fish (moray eels) ready to attack; also watch out for jellyfish.
SOME EDIBLE FISH:
Anchovies or anchovies, sardines or sardines, eels, bogues, mackerel, sole, dairy, big head, mullet, sea bream, bass, mullet, grouper, squid, red snapper, cod, sea bream, glimpse, trout, salmon, roar, turbot, plaice, cuttlefish, octopus, squid, tuna, clams, mussels, razor, conger, hake, monkfish, platessa, biso, suro, gallinella, needlefish, swordfish, octopus, pagelli, dogfish, salpa, emery, herring, spiny , zanchette, oysters and fasolari.
SOME POISONOUS FISH:
Scorpion fish, tracery or spider fish (there are 9 species), parsnip, puffer fish, catfish, stone fish, lion and scorpion, jellyfish (among the most dangerous we remember the Sea Vespa), some species of conus.