In this article we will answer one of the most important questions about mountain life: how to dress during an excursion?
As often happens with questions of this type, however, the answer is: it depends.
There are plenty of things to keep in mind when evaluating the best clothing to wear during an excursion, namely:
The season of the year
The duration of the excursion (More days? Will you sleep outdoors?)
The activities you plan to do (trekking, survival simulation, climbing etc …
Despite the various situations we may face, there are some basic rules that you can keep in mind so as not to get in trouble.
One of the most important rules is undoubtedly dressing “onion”, that is, using overlapping pieces of clothing rather than a single heavier layer.
This gives us the possibility to add or remove layers based on the temperature, physical effort and weather conditions that may arise.
Below we will see what are the classic components to wear during a winter hike:
With “outer shell” means all those light jackets used as the outer layer of our clothing. Essentially they consist of light, breathable, windproof, anti-tear and waterproof jackets. They have the important purpose of protecting the body from wind and water, while ensuring great mobility and resistance to tearing. As we will also see for the other layers, it is very important that the shell be breathable, so that the sweat of the body can evaporate, leaving us dry. A good outer shell is often made of Goretex or similar fabrics like the PowerTex (owned by the Salewa brand), which is a fabric that is able to evaporate body sweat while preventing the outside water from entering.
Underneath the outer shell it is often recommended to wear a heavy fleece jacket. The pile is famous for its high capacity to maintain the heat of the body, preventing it from being dispersed in the environment. Unlike the outer shell, the fleece does not need to be waterproof and tearproof, while it is very important that it is windproof and breathable. There are stacks for all budgets, but it is important to prefer one of quality with one inexpensive. This is because the poor quality batteries are generally non-breathable, and do not resist well to the wind, exposing the wearer to lose much heat in the presence in ventilated environments. Moreover, non-quality fabrics tend to stink if they are wet or if they are impregnated with sweat.
the microfleece is a garment with the same characteristics of the fleece, but with a reduced thickness and a shape more adherent to the body. It is an excellent piece of clothing between the outer fleece and the shirt / shirt below. It too must be breathable, to prevent it from getting wet.
T-shirt / shirt
A t-shirt or a shirt is usually worn under the micro-fleece. This garment is often considered one of the most important for a hiker as it is often directly in contact with the skin. There are many fabrics for this type of t-shirts, from microfibre, to thermal fabrics, to simple cotton. Even in this case, the most important feature for this type of garment is breathability! We would not want to find a sweat soup t-shirt in contact with our skin after just an hour’s walk! Personally I find myself very well with the Salewa brand shirts, which I consider very comfortable, resistant to tearing and able to remain absolutely dry even after considerable sweating. Absolutely to avoid the simple cotton t-shirts: they immediately soak with perspiration and stop transpiring, making us sweat even more. In these cases it is better to have a spare t-shirt to replace the wet one once the physical effort is over.
Even for the pants, what is said for the shell is valid. Being an “external” layer it must be tearproof, windproof, waterproof and breathable. There are really many more or less quality models on the market. Personally I recommend those who have the ability to peel off the lower part of the leg (making them short pants), so as to make them go well even for warmer periods. Absolutely to avoid cotton pants or jeans.
Socks: Generally the socks are the most underrated clothes. As a result, at the end of the day. we often find ourselves having dry clothes and socks impregnated with perspiration and constantly cold feet. This is because the feet, closed in shoes, sweat a lot and impregnate the socks of moisture. Also in this case, therefore, it is preferable to choose socks with breathable materials so as to have dry feet even after several hours of walking. A good pair of quality socks cost around $ 20, all inexpensive spending when you consider how useful they can be.