This list is purely indicative, the equipment can change depending on the area in which you venture, from personal availability, from the number of people you are in, from the vehicle you are traveling (car, camper), from the type of activity that will be played, etc.
- Multi-purpose knife (example survival knife)
- Waterproof, windproof and anti-humidity matches,
- or Refillable lighter, or Zippo with petrol,
- Steel (or firesteel, recommended as very practical and functional).
- Magnifying glass to light the fire.
- Compass and map of the place (it is important to know how to correctly use the compass and topographic map otherwise you will not need anything, see orientation); or GPS (technology makes life easier, even if batteries have their limits).
- Fishing kit (hooks, seals, nylon thread, synthetic baits)
- Heliograph (it is a reflecting mirror for signaling)
- Whistle to request aid in the mountains
- Wanting laser pointer
- Candle (useful for carrying the fire without turning it off, light, signal, in extreme cases you can also eat)
- Pencil and notepad to take notes and keep notes on time and travel.
- Plastic bags (useful for various uses such as waterproofing equipment, better if biodegradable).
- Aluminum blanket (manages to maintain 80% of body heat, reflects heat from the fire, isolates from moisture, protects from rain and water, thanks to its reflective power can be seen from above or used as a Also folded heliograph takes up very little space).
- Detergent for hands and face.
- Soap or soap powder
- Razor blade
- Needle, threads, buttons and safety pins
- Twine, rope, laces
- Repellent for insects (especially against mosquitoes)
- Sun protection
- Waterproof torch (low consumption or dynamo)
- Water bottle – Gavetta
- Pills or tablets for chlorine or iodine water purification (also called potable tablets or tablets: see here).
- GSM cellular phone or satellite phone (possibly with charger for cellular charge with dynamo crank), see here.
- Digital wristwatch (trekking model) with altimeter, temperature indicator ° C- ° F, barometer, alarm clock, stopwatch, compass, waterproof and backlit.
- Small Swiss army knife (Victorinox type) with file, nutcracker, pliers, removable support for screwdriver bits, scissors, wrenches, corkscrew, open boxes, tweezers:
Depending on the availability of cargo also:
Not all these objects are indispensable.
- Sleeping bag
- Bivouac sack (bivi-bag)
- Ax, wire saw (less cumbersome) and small hammer
- Pickaxe or picozza
- Two 10 cm nails (for the most disparate uses: traps, shelter …)
- Wire for trapping
- Screwdriver, wire cutter shears
- Machete (useful in the jungle)
- Harpoon or fishing rifle
- Red flares or smoke flares
- Cyalume (fluorescent bars)
- Thick rope, rope with carabiners
- Glasses with interchangeable lenses, completely dismountable and easily cleaned (if you go to the mountains use a model with certified 4 protection).
- If you wear eyeglasses, bring a spare pair
- Waterproof tarpaulin
- Gas stove
- Combustible tablets
- Paper from aluminum, transparent film and Scottex paper
- Handkerchiefs and toilet paper
- Towel and wet wipes
- Foldable camping shovel
- Saucepan, glass, cutlery and plate (all completely in steel)
- One liter kettle (diesel, petrol, oil)
- Strobe light
- Purifier – camping water purifier (microfilter – microfilter):
- Potassium permanganate tablets (KMnO4 can be useful for various purposes: dissolved in clean water provides an antiseptic solution to disinfect wounds – few grains in a liter of water, left to settle for more than half an hour, make it potable – scattered and stirred on the snow produces a purple red color visible from very far away – mixing half a teaspoon with one of sugar is obtained, rubbing the mixture with a stick, a sort of hot charcoal, great to light the bait for the fire). ATTENTION: respect the dosages and instructions for its use as it can be harmful. PS: now it is difficult to find because its marketing has been limited by the EEC as it can also be used for the refining of cocaine.
- American pattern adhesive tape
- Wanting sandpaper
- Indelible pen (can be used to write on any type of surface, to remember important things or leave messages and directions)
- Stock of mineral water, freeze-dried energy rations (eg pemmican, BP-5), food bars and snacks.
- Cooler bag, thermos
- Hot water bottle
- Anti-mosquito tent
- Insulating sheet, blanket or mat
- Nail clipper
- Rubber tube
- Books and manuals on survival (first aid, poisonous animals and plants, survival rules)
- Emergency radio with solar dynamo (optional)
- Sheet for signaling (optional)
- Table with Morse alphabet, international code, emergency numbers, body signaling and ground-air signaling methods.
- If in possession, also carry a pistol or rifle with ammunition, blank cartridges and signaling rockets.
The equipment should be able to fit all in a backpack that should not be too heavy or uncomfortable for the back.
Remember to bring only the equipment you need and not to fill the backpack with unnecessary and superfluous things.
The weight of the backpack should never exceed 35% of our body weight, the equipment inside it must be strictly selected. The ideal weight should be a quarter of our mass.
For sale you can find lots of backpacks for survival with strategic sections, rich in pockets, waterproof, removable like those of soldiers etc …
Remember to waterproof objects that could be damaged with water such as clothes, medicines, etc. (seal in plastic bags or watertight containers).
Balance the weight of the backpack and make sure that any objects do not bother you on the back.
Put the things you need less at the bottom of the backpack, while keeping the most important things at hand.
Part of the equipment can also be carried on (survival belt tied to the belt, ready-to-wear items in the pockets of trousers, etc.).
Recommended maximum weight: from 20 to 30Kg.
Ideal weight: not over 15 kg.
Complete First Aid Kit
Remember to always check the expiration date of each drug before bringing it back. Temperatures that are too hot or too cold can shorten the life of a drug (for example, an antivperous serum resists a few months out of the refrigerator, while some drugs with heat are dissolved).
The first aid kit must be light and is purely oriented to the type of area and activities that will be done. If you are traveling with a vehicle geared towards a complete first aid kit, if you are traveling with a backpack, choose a basic first aid kit that is packed in a possibly waterproof case (if there is the possibility that the kit can get wet , and the case is not watertight, close the kit in an intact plastic bag making a nice knot tight).
- Plasters of various shapes and sizes
- Bandages and gauze
- Scalpel, needle and thread (sterile)
- Pliers, scissors
- Sterile single-use syringes
- Absorbent cotton
- Decongestant for the ear
- Pads for seasickness or car sickness
- Antiallergic tablets
- Dextrose pills
- Polyvitaminic tablets
- Mercurochrome (for disinfection and cleaning of wounds and as a healing wound for minor wounds, burns or abrasions)
- Iodine tincture (antiseptic for external use and also useful for the disinfection of surface water 3 drops per liter, leaving to act for 30 minutes, also useful for the treatment of light radioactivity contamination)
- Protective spray for dressing wounds, injuries and sores
- Instant ice
- Pomate (for sprains, burns and bruises)
- Painkillers and anti-inflammatories
- Antifungals (for yeasts and hyphae)
- Sedatives, painkillers and cardio-respiratory analectics
- Analgesics (to decrease pain)
- Antipyretics (to lower fever)
- Paracetamol (analgesic and antipyretic action)
- Broad-spectrum antibiotics
- Antibiotics for intestinal and anti-depressive infections
- Antispasmodics (for diseases or syndromes of the gastro-enteric apparatus)
- Antihistamines (for allergic manifestations)
- Spray or sore throat tablets
- Serums (eg antivipera)
- poison extractor
- Hand gel with amuchina
- Denatured alcohol
- Toothbrush and toothpaste
- Dental floss
- Pressure meter
- Portable defibrillator
- Mouthpiece for mouth to mouth breathing
- Lip stick
- Protective cream SPF 50+ in case of intense UV
GARMENTS – CLOTHING
The clothes change a lot from area to area. The basic rules that must be followed are: practicality, comfort, resistance, washability and breathability.
Garments should be lightly soiled, loose and of good fabric.
- Durable cotton trousers and jeans with a tactical belt
- Long-sleeved cotton t-shirts
- At least two cotton shirts
- Light shoes or boots with spare laces
- Various pairs of socks (light and heavy)
- Heavy sweater
- Windbreaker with hood (if possible in Gore-Tex)
- Cotton shorts shorts
- Cap, headgear, balaclava
- Waterproof cape
- Neckerchief (against dust or sun)
- Leather work gloves
- Ski gloves (in cold weather), mitts
THE FOULARD: this accessory can be very useful; in addition to using it as protection from the sun as a headgear, or to retain the sweat of the forehead, it can also be used as a protection against dust, to protect the throat from cold or wind, as a support to hang a wounded arm around the neck make a hemostatic ligation and to request help moving it up and down.
Some Useful Advice for the survival kit:
– Wearing a tactical jacket can cram equipment for survival in the various pockets.
– In the jungle and in the desert, prefer clothes such as long-sleeved shirts and long trousers to avoid burns, insect bites and wounds caused by brambles and thorny plants.
– In harsh climates, cover hands, feet, head and ears well. For the body to protect itself by wearing multiple layers and creating various inner tubes between the garments, if you do not have t-shirts put a newspaper or plastic bags under the shirt.
– The feet should always be kept dry and comfortable (stop often to remove pebbles and dust from shoes). If the boots are wet, wear a plastic bag.
– Clean garments are more efficient from the insulating and thermal point of view than the dirty ones.
– In harsh climate never keep your clothes wet on you while in very hot and humid weather never take them off.
– A dry but dry garment is better than a wet one, so in case of soaking clothes: take them off, squeeze them and let them freeze on the snow, finally remove the ice and put them on, you will have removed moisture from the clothes.
– To march on the snow better wrap around the shoe an impermeable sheet.
– To walk on the ice without slipping insert the socks over the boots.
– In the desert always cover the head and the nape with a piece of damp and clear cloth to avoid any insolation.
– In areas with the surface completely covered with snow, wear glasses or cover your eyes with a bandage to which you have made two holes for the eyes, to avoid blindness from snow.
– To clean clothes you can use the ash of the bivouac.
USEFUL DOCUMENTS TO BE CARRIED IN TRAVEL:
- Identity card
- Tax code and health card
- Driver’s license
- Bank account
- Depending on the country: visa (of stay, tourist …), immigration form, return ticket, revenue stamp etc …
- Vaccination booklet
- Sheet with phone number of family members and blood group.
- Also bring cash (in small denomination notes) and if you own it, an international credit card.
To conclude, remember that you should not save money by buying products of poor quality, especially for the most important equipment and clothing, better spend some extra money and have equipment that can save your life in unfavorable conditions: